[As with Dr Seymour (May 31, 2012 entry), Dr. Cambron was one of my professors at Florida Bible College, Hollywood, FL. 1973-1974. I admired his love for the Lord, his burden for the spiritual needs of the Jewish people, and his delight in God’s Word. -JBW]
C. His [Man’s] Constitution.
As we shall see, man is composed of earthly (Gen. 2:7) and spiritual elements (I Thess. 5:23; Heb. 4:12).
1. Body. His body was made from the earth. This was the first part of man that was formed. “The LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his
nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul” (Gen. 2:7). The body is set forth in Scripture as the house of the inner man. “How much less in them that dwell in houses
of clay, whose foundation is the dust, which are crushed before the moth?” (Job 4:19).
See also II Corinthians 5:1, 3, 4. The process by which God made man is not known; we
leave that up to God. Men give their opinions and speculations, but they remain as such.
The word “dust” does not mean clay, or old dirty dirt, but the finest materials of the earth.
a. Analysis Proves Man’s Source. Modern chemical analysis detects in the body the
same elements that are in the earth beneath man’s feet; such elements as sodium, carbon,
iron, and the like.
b. Earth Sustains Man’s Existence. The body is sustained by that which grows out of
the earth. It is man’s body and not his spirit that is sustained. Famine in our modern day
has proved that if vegetation is taken away, life is taken away. Kill vegetation and you kill
c. Death Substantiates Man’s Elements. At death corruption sets in, and man’s body
soon returns to the dust from which it was formed. “In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat
bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and
unto dust shalt thou return” (Gen. 3:19).
2. Soul. “The LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his
nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul” (Gen. 2:7). See also I
Corinthians 15:45. The soul is the seat of the emotions and appetites. Plants, animals and
man have bodies; only animals and man have a soul; but only man has a spirit. The soul
is that conscious life which is in man and animal. Plants have life, but it is unconscious
life. There is a difference between the souls of men and the souls of animals. The
animal’s soul is connected with his body, while man’s soul is connected with his spirit.
The soul of an animal dies with the animal, but man’s soul never dies, for he was made a
“living soul” — a soul that would never die.
As stated, the soul of man is the seat of his emotions and appetites, and the following
Scriptures will bring out the degrees of same: Appetites: “Thou mayest kill and eat flesh
in all thy gates, whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, according to the blessing of the LORD
thy God which he hath given thee: the unclean and the clean may eat thereof, as of the
roebuck, and as of the hart” (Deut. 12:15). Desires: “If any man said unto him, Let them
not fail to burn the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth; then he
would answer him, Nay; but thou shalt give it me now: and if not, I will take it by force”
(I Sam. 2:16). See also Deuteronomy 12:20; Psalm 107:18; Proverbs 6:30; Isaiah 29:8; I
Samuel 18:1. Hates: “David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and
smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David’s soul, he shall
be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the
house” (II Sam. 5:8). Mourns: “His flesh upon him shall have pain, and his soul within
him shall mourn” (Job 14:22). Is Vexed: “The man of God said, Let her alone; for her
soul is vexed within her: and the LORD hath hid it from me, and hath not told me” (II
Kings 4:27b). Rejoices: “I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my
God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with a
robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride
adorneth herself with her jewels” (Is. 61:10). Suffers: “They said one to another, We are
verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he
besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us” (Gen.
42:21). Sorrows: “He said unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye
here, and watch” (Mark 14:34).
Where does man get his soul?
a. Pre-existence. This theory teaches that all souls that have ever been in the world,
or shall ever be in the world, were created in the beginning. At time of conception, they
are united with the body. This was taught by Plato, but it was never accepted by the
church, as it is without Scriptural foundation.
b. Creationism. This belief holds that after forty days of conception the soul unites
with the body. Roman Catholicism proposes this. If this belief is true, then God is the
creator of sinful souls.
c. Traducianism. This is the truth which holds that both soul and body are derived
from the parents. “Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own
likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth” (Gen. 5:3). See also Acts 17:24-26.
3. Spirit. Here is where man differs from all creatures. In Hebrews 12:9 God is said to
be “Father of spirits.” This does not mean the Father of angels, but of the spirits of men
made perfect. God is never said to be the Father of souls.
“As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also” (Jas. 2:26).
When a body dies, the soul departs with the spirit of man. The soul and spirit can be
separated “the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged
sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and
marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart” (Heb. 4:12). However,
there is no Scriptural proof that they are ever separated. The rich man of Luke 16 goes to
Hades upon death, and he has both soul and spirit with him. See also Matthew 10:28.
The spirit of man is the seat of his [intuitive] intelligence. “What man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God” (I Cor. 2:11). Animals do not possess intelligence. “Be ye not as the
horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with
bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee” (Ps. 32:9).
The word “spirit,” both in the Hebrew and Greek, is sometimes translated as “breath,”
and “wind.” The context determines the translation.
The materialists say that the word for spirit should be “breath,” and that when man dies
he is gone forever.
Some people say that man lost his spirit at the Fall and regains his spirit at conversion.
This would make him a dual being however, and this conception has no Scriptural
BIBLE DOCTRINES: Beliefs That Matter, p. 123,124
by MARK G. CAMBRON, D.D.